President of Russia and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces Vladimir Putin attended a military parade on Red Square in Moscow to mark the 70th anniversary of Victory in the 1941–1945 Great Patriotic War.
Before the parade, at the Armorial Hall of the Kremlin, Vladimir Putin greeted the leaders of foreign states and major international organisations who have come to Moscow to take part in the celebrations. The military parade to commemorate the 70th anniversary of Victory in the Great Patriotic War has become one of the largest in the history of Red Square, involving 16,000 servicemen, 194 units of land-based military equipment and 143 aircraft and helicopters.
More than 2,000 veterans of the Great Patriotic War attended the parade in Red Square as guests of honour. The parade began with the trooping the Victory Banner and the State Flag of Russia.
In memory of all the fallen during the Great Patriotic War, for the first time during a military parade Vladimir Putin announced a minute of silence.
In keeping with tradition, the parade was opened by drummers from the Moscow Military Music School followed by groups carrying banners of the ten fronts of the final stage of the Great Patriotic War.
Next, parade crews from Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, India, Mongolia, Serbia and China marched across Red Square. Russia’s Armed Forces were represented by servicemen of military academies, Suvorov and Nakhimov military schools, cadet academies, servicemen of the Western Military District, the Emergency Situations Ministry, Interior Ministry troops, and Border Guards of the Federal Security Service. For the first time, female students from a cadet boarding school took part in the parade.
The historical part of the parade’s mechanised section was represented by the legendary Т-34–85 tanks and SU-100 self-propelled artillery units. The historical hardware was followed by modern military armoured vehicles, including Tigr and Typhoon, BTR-82A and Rakushka armoured personnel carriers, BMD-4M combat vehicles and armoured personnel carriers based on Kurganets, Armata and Boomerang platforms. The parade also featured T90A and Armata tanks, Msta-S and Koalitsiya-SV self-propelled artillery units, Iskander, Buk-M2 and Tor-M2Y missile systems, Pantsir-S1 air-defence missile-gun units, S-400 launch systems and Yars land-based mobile missile system.
The parade ended with a flyover of Russia’s aviation, including the Russkiye Vityazi [The Russian Knights] and Strizhi [The Swift] aerobatic teams demonstrating the famous Cuban Diamond formation on nine Su-27 and MiG-29 fighters. Pilots of the Sokoly Rossii [The Russian Falcons] team formed the tactical wing on ten aircraft. The helicopters formation included the Berkuty aerobatic team flying Mi-28N Night Hunter helicopters. The air section of the parade also featured the Tu-160 White Swan strategic missile bomber, Il-78 air-to-air refuelling tanker aircraft, Il-76 heavy military transport aircraft and army and combat aviation groups. Flying over Red Square for the first time were generation 4++ Su-35 and Su-30 fighters, modernised Mi-35M attack and Ansat-U training helicopters. After the parade, together with the heads of foreign states and governments, Vladimir Putin paid tribute to those who were killed in the Great Patriotic War by laying flowers at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in the Alexander Garden.
President Vladimir Putin's speech at military parade on Red Square in Moscow to mark the 70th anniversary of Victory in the 1941–1945 Great Patriotic War
Fellow citizens of Russia,
Comrade soldiers and seamen, sergeants and sergeant majors, midshipmen and warrant officers,
Comrade officers, generals and admirals,
I congratulate you all on the 70th Anniversary of Victory in the Great Patriotic War!
Today, when we mark this sacred anniversary, we once again appreciate the enormous scale of Victory over Nazism. We are proud that it was our fathers and grandfathers who succeeded in prevailing over, smashing and destroying that dark force.
Hitler's reckless adventure became a tough lesson for the entire world community. At that time, in the 1930s, the enlightened Europe failed to see the deadly threat in the Nazi ideology.
Today, seventy years later, the history calls again to our wisdom and vigilance. We must not forget that the ideas of racial supremacy and exclusiveness had provoked the bloodiest war ever. The war affected almost 80 percent of the world population. Many European nations were enslaved and occupied.
The Soviet Union bore the brunt of the enemy's attacks. The elite Nazi forces were brought to bear on it. All their military power was concentrated against it. And all major decisive battles of World War II, in terms of military power and equipment involved, had been waged there.
And it is no surprise that it was the Red Army that, by taking Berlin in a crushing attack, hit the final blow to Hitler's Germany finishing the war.
Our entire multi-ethnic nation rose to fight for our Motherland’s freedom. Everyone bore the severe burden of the war. Together, our people made an immortal exploit to save the country. They predetermined the outcome of World War II. They liberated European nations from the Nazis.
Veterans of the Great Patriotic War, wherever they live today, should know that here, in Russia, we highly value their fortitude, courage and dedication to frontline brotherhood.
The Great Victory will always remain a heroic pinnacle in the history of our country. But we also pay tribute to our allies in the anti-Hitler coalition.
We are grateful to the peoples of Great Britain, France and the United States of America for their contribution to the Victory. We are thankful to the anti-fascists of various countries who selflessly fought the enemy as guerrillas and members of the underground resistance, including in Germany itself.
We remember the historical meeting on the Elbe, and the trust and unity that became our common legacy and an example of unification of peoples – for the sake of peace and stability.
It is precisely these values that became the foundation of the post-war world order. The United Nations came into existence. And the system of the modern international law has emerged.
These institutions have proved in practice their effectiveness in resolving disputes and conflicts.
However, in the last decades, the basic principles of international cooperation have come to be increasingly ignored. These are the principles that have been hard won by mankind as a result of the ordeal of the war.
We saw attempts to establish a unipolar world. We see the strong-arm block thinking gaining momentum. All that undermines sustainable global development.
The creation of a system of equal security for all states should become our common task. Such system should be an adequate match to modern threats, and it should rest on a regional and global non-block basis. Only then will we be able to ensure peace and tranquillity on the planet.
We welcome today all our foreign guests while expressing a particular gratitude to the representatives of the countries that fought against Nazism and Japanese militarism.
Besides the Russian servicemen, parade units of ten other states will march through the Red Square as well. These include soldiers from Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. Their forefathers fought shoulder to shoulder both at the front and in the rear.
These also include servicemen from China, which, just like the Soviet Union, lost many millions of people in this war. China was also the main front in the fight against militarism in Asia.
Indian soldiers fought courageously against the Nazis as well.
Serbian troops also offered strong and relentless resistance to the fascists.
Throughout the war our country received strong support from Mongolia.
These parade ranks include grandsons and great-grandsons of the war generation. The Victory Day is our common holiday. The Great Patriotic War was in fact the battle for the future of the entire humanity.
Our fathers and grandfathers lived through unbearable sufferings, hardships and losses. They worked till exhaustion, at the limit of human capacity. They fought even unto death. They proved the example of honour and true patriotism.
We pay tribute to all those who fought to the bitter for every street, every house and every frontier of our Motherland. We bow to those who perished in severe battles near Moscow and Stalingrad, at the Kursk Bulge and on the Dnieper.
We bow to those who died from famine and cold in the unconquered Leningrad, to those who were tortured to death in concentration camps, in captivity and under occupation.
We bow in loving memory of sons, daughters, fathers, mothers, grandfathers, husbands, wives, brothers, sisters, comrades-in-arms, relatives and friends – all those who never came back from war, all those who are no longer with us.
A minute of silence is announced.
Minute of silence.
You are the main heroes of the Great Victory Day. Your feat predestined peace and decent life for many generations. It made it possible for them to create and move forward fearlessly.
And today your children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren live up to the highest standards that you set. They work for the sake of their country's present and future. They serve their Fatherland with devotion. They respond to complex challenges of the time with honour. They guarantee the successful development, might and prosperity of our Motherland, our Russia!
Long live the victorious people!
Congratulations on the Victory Day!