Address by Chargé d’Affaires a.i. of the Russian Mission to the EU Kirill Logvinov at the briefing “New Security Architecture for the Eurasian Continent”, 3 July 2024

Опубликовано пт, 07/05/2024 - 05:02

Excellencies, ladies and gentlemen,

I am glad to welcome you to the Permanent Mission of Russia to the EU. Today we are meeting on a unique occasion, so we have prepared a special edition of our regular events. We have invited our friends from diplomatic missions of the Eurasian countries.

On 14 June 2024, Russian President Vladimir Putin put forward an initiative to create a common security architecture for the Eurasian continent.

This foreign policy initiative is of strategic nature and its implementation is a long-term priority for our country.

I would like to elaborate on its essence and share with you its main elements.

So, first of all, why is this initiative required?

The fact is that the Euro-Atlantic concept of security has collapsed. Based on US and NATO dominance, the European regional security framework has failed to ensure the practical implementation of the “indivisible security for all” principle. This well-known principle, enshrined in many international agreements and declarations, means that no party involved shall strengthen its security at the expense of the security of others. The West has repeatedly refused to discuss an agreement on mutual security guarantees proposed by Russia – the most recent Russian initiatives date back to 2008 and late 2021 – early 2022. All our appeals and warnings have gone unanswered. The US and its allies have ignored Russian security interests and concerns for years. Moreover, the West has adopted an aggressive stance aimed at inflicting “strategic defeat” on Russia in the conflict in Ukraine. The Euro-Atlantic security model has thus definitively proved its failure.

Finally, the arrogance of Western countries has taken us to a very dangerous situation today. We are coming alarmingly close to a point of no return. Calls for the strategic defeat of Russia, the world’s largest nuclear power, demonstrate the extreme recklessness of Western politicians. Either they do not understand the magnitude of the threat they are creating, or they are simply consumed by a notion of their invincibility and exceptionalism. Either scenario can lead to tragedy.

Brussels and Washington are pursuing power politics and the exertion of political and economic pressure on others. Such an approach runs counter to the interests of the majority of independent states on the Eurasian continent. It has also exacerbated inter-state disputes and increased potential for crises throughout Eurasia, including in the South Caucasus, Central Asia, the Middle East, South-East Asia and the Asia-Pacific region. This situation is fraught with the most negative consequences for international peace and requires an adequate response.

It means that we should work together with interested countries to develop our own strategies for ensuring security in Eurasia and then to present them for broader international deliberation. We believe that the future system of security and cooperation in Eurasia will form a foundation of the global security architecture in a multipolar world based on the UN Charter principles and the rule of international law. The security architecture for the Eurasian continent will be open to all interested Eurasian states. It will not be directed against anyone’s interests. The Russian proposal is a practical implementation for Eurasia of the principle that regional problems require regional solutions. It reflects the objective trend towards the regionalisation of international relations. Such an approach is a kind of “safety net” against geopolitical turmoil triggered by the crisis of globalisation based on Western frameworks.

What steps shall we take for a common security architecture in Eurasia? What principles will guide us in our work?

First, it is important to establish dialogue with all potential participants in this future security system.

Second, it is crucial to recognise that the future security architecture should be open to all Eurasian countries that wish to participate in its creation, including – and I would stress that – also European and NATO countries. We share the same continent and, whatever the circumstances, we have no choice but to live and work side by side. Geography cannot be changed.

Third, it is necessary to significantly intensify the dialogue between multilateral organisations already active in Eurasia in order to promote the idea of a Eurasian security system. I am referring in particular to such organisations as the Collective Security Treaty Organisation, the Eurasian Economic Union, the Commonwealth of Independent States and the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation. We consider it possible that other influential Eurasian associations from Southeast Asia to the Middle East join these processes in the future.

Fourth, we believe that the time has come to start a broad discussion of a new system of bilateral and multilateral guarantees of collective security in Eurasia. In the long term, it is necessary to gradually phase out the military presence of external powers in the Eurasian region.

Fifth, the Eurasian security and development system should definitely have at its core such areas as the economy, social well-being, integration and mutually beneficial cooperation. Its agenda should also include addressing common problems of poverty, inequality, climate change and environment degradation, as well as building up mechanisms to respond to the threats of pandemics and crises in the global economy.

What are the main objectives of the Russian initiative?

First, to establish military and political guarantees to protect Russia and other participants in the Eurasian security architecture from external threats.

Second, to create a Eurasian space free of conflict and open to cooperation for the comprehensive development of the countries on the continent.

Third, to minimise and, ideally, eliminate the destabilising influence of external actors on Eurasian processes.

To conclude.

We need to strengthen and consolidate the existing interaction mechanisms and to build new ones. Dialogue and cooperation will be developed in the areas of mutual interest to the participants. In this way, we will give impetus to the creation of the Greater Eurasian Partnership, which in turn will form economic and social basis of the new Eurasian security system.

Thank you for the attention.